Express Pharma

Merck discontinues Phase 3 KeyVibe-010 trial

The trial was discontinued after results showed that the coformulation of vibostolimab and pembrolizumab for treatment of resected high-risk melanoma won’t ensure recurrence-free survival (RFS)

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Merck announced the discontinuation of the vibostolimab and pembrolizumab coformulation arm of the Phase 3 KeyVibe-010 trial. The trial is evaluating the investigational coformulation of vibostolimab, an anti-TIGIT antibody, and pembrolizumab (KEYTRUDA), Merck’s anti-PD-1 therapy, compared to KEYTRUDA alone, as adjuvant treatment for patients with resected high-risk melanoma (Stage IIB-IV). 

At a pre-planned analysis, data showed that the primary endpoint of recurrence-free survival (RFS) met the pre-specified futility criteria. A higher rate of discontinuation of all adjuvant therapy by patients in the coformulation arm versus the KEYTRUDA-only arm, primarily due to immune-mediated adverse experiences, rendered it highly unlikely that the trial could achieve a statistically significant improvement in RFS. Based on the recommendation of an independent Data Monitoring Committee (DMC), Merck is unblinding the study and recommends that patients receiving the vibostolimab and pembrolizumab coformulation be offered the option to be treated with KEYTRUDA monotherapy. Data analysis from this study is ongoing. Results will be shared with the scientific community and communicated to regulatory agencies.

Merck’s cancer treatment development programme includes the ongoing Phase 3 V940-001 study, in collaboration with Moderna, evaluating V940 (mRNA-4157), an investigational individualised neoantigen therapy (INT), in combination with KEYTRUDA as adjuvant treatment in patients with resected high-risk (Stage IIB-IV) melanoma.

In the US, KEYTRUDA has two approved indications in melanoma: for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma, and for the adjuvant treatment of adult and pediatric (12 years and older) patients with stage IIB, IIC, or III melanoma following complete resection.

Vibostolimab is Merck’s investigational anti-TIGIT antibody that restores antitumor activity by blocking the TIGIT receptor from binding to its ligands (CD112 and CD155), thereby activating T lymphocytes that help destroy tumor cells. Merck has an extensive clinical development program evaluating the safety and efficacy of the vibostolimab and pembrolizumab coformulation alone and in combination with other agents in over 3,000 patients.

Ongoing Phase 3 studies evaluating the vibostolimab and pembrolizumab coformulation in lung cancer, which are routinely monitored by external data monitoring committees, include KeyVibe-003, KeyVibe-006, KeyVibe-007 and KeyVibe-008. Interim external data monitoring committee safety reviews have not resulted in any safety-related study modifications to date. No changes to these studies are anticipated based on the KeyVibe-010 findings.

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