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Homegrown COVID-19 vaccine final trials may conclude within two months: India

ICMR and Bharat Biotech month started third-stage trials of COVAXIN, in a process that would involve 26,000 volunteers

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Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Health Minister said that locally-developed COVID-19 vaccine candidate could complete its final trials in a month or two.

The state-run Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Bharat Biotech this month started third-stage trials of COVAXIN, in a process that would involve 26,000 volunteers. It is the most advanced Indian experimental vaccine.

“We are in the process of developing our indigenous vaccines, in the process of completing our third-phase trials in the next one or two months,” Dr Vardhan told a web conference on the pandemic. He reiterated the government’s plan was to immunise 200 million to 250 million Indians by July.

Vardhan, however, said in September the government could opt for emergency vaccine authorisation, particularly for the elderly and people in high-risk workplaces.

Indian officials have said they expect to rely on COVAXIN and four other locally-tested candidates to control COVID-19, as they do not expect early access to sufficient quantities of those developed by Pfizer and Moderna.

The other experimental vaccines on trial in India are the one being developed by AstraZeneca and Oxford University that is being manufactured by the Serum Institute of India; Russia’s Sputnik-V; Zydus Cadila’s ZyCoV-D and lastly one that Biological E is developing with Baylor College of Medicine and Dynavax Technologies Corp.

Serum’s CEO said on Friday the AstraZeneca vaccine could be delivered to Indian healthcare workers and the elderly by January.

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